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APA Citation Guide, 7th edition: Electronic Image

Helpful Tip!

Person leaning on a question mark and scratching their head 

Where can I go to find images?

a hand writing the word copyright

Nick Youngson CC BY-SA 3.0 Alpha Stock Images


If you locate an image online you need to determine who the source is as well as the copyright restrictions.  
See APA Blog Post: Navigating Copyright for Reproduced Images: Part 2. Determining Whether Permission Is Needed

Below are a few good places to locate online images.
NOTE: Although some images are in the Public Domain and do not require attribution, you should always follow your instructor's requirements for citing images.

Image from an Electronic Source

Images, diagrams and artistic works should be cited as you would cite any other type of work.
  • Images in text are also generally accompanied by a caption that includes copyright information and a statement of permission for use. Please check with your instructor to see if this is necessary.
Tip: You should give as much information as possible about the images that you have used, including these basics:
  • creator's name (author, artist, photographer etc.)
  • date the work was published or created
  • title of the work
  • place of publication
  • publisher
  • type of material (for photographs, charts, online images)
  • website address and access date
  • name of the institution or museum where the work is located (for artworks and museum exhibits)
  • dimensions of the work (for artworks)
General Format 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Artist Surname, Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Artist Surname, Year)
Artist Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format]. URL (address of web site)


       Reference (No Author):

Title of work [Type of work]. (Year image was created). URL (address of web site)


       Reference  (No Author, No Title, No Date)
      Many images found on the Web fall under this category.
      Try to locate the missing information by clicking on the image,
      and/or looking at the bottom of the image.

[Subject and type of work]. URL (address of web site)

       Example 1
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
      (Jukka, 2014)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Jukka, 2014)
      References (Basic):
Jukka.  (2014, February 4). Shells on the beach [Photograph].



 Example 2

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
      ("March", 1963)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      ("March", 1963)

Reference (No Author)

March on Washington, August 28, 1963. [Photograph]. (1963, August 28).

 Example 3

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
      ("Untitled photograph", n.d.)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      ("Untitled photograph", n.d.)
      Reference  (No Author, No Title, No Date):
 [Untitled photograph of a humpback whale].

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