Skip to main content

APA Citation Style, 6th edition: E-mail

E-mail (p. 179)

E-mails are not included in the reference list because they do not provide recoverable data. Personal communication includes personal interviews, letters, phone calls, email or messages from nonarchived discussion groups.
 
General Format 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Sender First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Sender First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year)
 
      References:
      Not included.
 
Example
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (K. Johnson, personal communication, March 25, 2010)
 
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (K. Johnson, personal communication, March 25, 2010)
 
      References:
      Not included.

Contact Us

Question   Submit a Question

Phone     Call Us: 423-354-2429

SMS Texting    Text us: 423-933-1929

email     Email Us: libmail@northeaststate.edu

Chat   Chat with us live online:

 

     Schedule a one-on-one appointment with a librarian for assistance: