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APA Citation Guide, 7th edition: Basic Web Page

Helpful Tip!

Question Mark Where can I find the date of a Web page?

News Sites

Usually the date is available at the bottom of the Web page.  It may state last updated, last modified or last reviewed.


If there is no date available then use (n.d.) for no date.

Basic Web Page (pp. 351-352)

Helpful Tip
  • When citing sources that you find on the Internet you only need to include a retrieval date if the information you viewed is likely to change over time (p. 192).  If you reference an article from a site that may experience continuous updates, you would then need to include a retrieval date.
General Format 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Year, page number or section name or paragraph number)
Personal or Corporate Author. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.). Title of specific document. Title of the website, if different than the author. URL of specific document
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Duignan, n.d.)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Duignan, n.d., para. 4)
Duignan, B. (n.d.). Gun control in the U.S. Britannica.




      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, n.d.)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, n.d., para. 3)
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. (n.d.). Red Sea ‘hotspot’ study reveals behaviors of whale sharks.

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