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APA Citation Guide, 7th edition: Figures

Figures (pp. 38, 150-167)

When you use a figure in your paper that has been adapted or copied directly from another source, you need to reference the original source.  This reference appears as a caption underneath the figure that you copied or adapted for your paper.

Any image that is reproduced from another source also needs to come with copyright permission; it is not enough just to cite the source.

Hints:

  • Number figures consecutively throughout your paper.
  • Double-space the caption that appears under a figure.

 

General Format 1 (Figure from a Book):

     Caption under Figure
Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted] from Book Title (page number), by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Publisher. Copyright [Year] by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.
 
 
Example 1 (Figure from a Book):
 
     Caption under Figure
Figure 1. Short-term memory test involving pictures. Reprinted from Short-term Memory Loss (p. 73), by K. M. Pike, 2008, Mackerlin Press. Copyright  2008 by the Association for Memory Research. Reprinted with permission.
    
 
General Format 2 (Figure from a Journal Article):
 
     Caption under Figure
Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted] from “Title of Article,” by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, Journal Title, Volume(issue), page number. Copyright [Year] by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.
 
 
Example 2 (Figure from a Journal Article)
 
     Caption under Figure
Figure 1. Schematic drawings of a bird's eye view of the table (a) and the test phase of the choice task (b). Numbers represent the dimensions in centimeters. Adapted from "Visual Experience Enhances Infants' Use of Task-Relevant Information in an Action Task," by S.-h. Wang and L. Kohne, 2007, Developmental Psychology, 43, p. 1515. Copyright 2003 by the American Psychological Association.
 
 
General Format 3 (Figure from a Website):
 
     Caption under Figure
Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted] from Title of Website, by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, Year, URL. Copyright [year] by the Name of Copyright Holder. Reprinted [or adapted] with permission.
 
 
Example 3 (Figure from a Website):
 
     Caption under Figure
Figure 1. An example of the cobra yoga position. Reprinted from List of Yoga Postures, In Wikipedia,  n.d., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_yoga_postures. Copyright 2007 by Joseph Renger. Reprinted with permission.

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